FOREST RESTORATION

CNF advocates a science-based holistic approach to forest landscape restoration. We employ a range of restoration strategies tailored to site characteristics, degradation level, disturbance regime, and the needs of the communities who stand to benefit the most from forest restoration. There are few one-size-fits-all solutions, and we believe that multifarious problems require multifaceted responses. In essence, we aim to plant the right trees in the right place at the right time.

PROTECTED & ASSISTED NATURAL REGENERATION (ANR)

Removing barriers to natural regeneration includes reducing competition through weeding, mulching, and planting fast-growing species with wide crowns and large leaves to shade out herbaceous grasses and weeds. Strategies to reduce disturbances include protection from livestock grazing and establishing fire breaks to minimize risk during the annual burning season. We also attempt to augment multiple regenerative pathways by attracting seed dispersers with fruits, nectars, and shelter structures like bird perches, as well as selecting sites within 5km of natural forest to enhance seed rain and dispersal.

THE FRAMEWORK SPECIES METHOD

The Framework Species Method is an accelerated forest restoration strategy that involves planting a mixture of 20-30 species of certain functional traits to promote vertically and horizontally complex, self-regulating, healthy regeneration. Our target planting density – based on the optimal balance between competition and facilitation during growth – is 3100 trees per hectare. In Northern Thailand, most of the species we plant using this framework display certain common traits: high survival rates (Ficus spp., Prunus cerasoides), rapid growth rates (Tectona grandis, Hopea odorata, Terminalia catappa), fire resilience through re-sprouting or coppicing (Tectona grandis, Caesalpina sappan), nitrogen-fixation (Fabaceae spp., Tamarindus indicus), rooting complexity (Bauhinia purpurea), and wide, dense crowns (Tectona grandis). Depending on the site, we plant a mixture of pioneer and late-successional species that capture a sufficient fraction of target biodiversity to stratify the forest structure and provide multiple ecological niches for seed dispersers from nearby forests and promote species recruitment. 

Here you can learn about some of the species we plant – take a look!

EXPLORE THE CONTEXT IN WHICH WE WORK

OUR NETWORK

Want to find out more? Send us a message!

Want to contribute to our cause?

Conserve Natural Forests was built and continues to grow thanks to the generosity of like-minded people who support our work. We would not be where we are today without their help. If you would like to know more about how you can contribute toward restoring Thailand’s beautiful ecosystems and saving endangered species, please consider donating to one of our projects.

Want to contribute to our cause?

Conserve Natural Forests was built and continues to grow thanks to the generosity of like-minded people who support our work. We would not be where we are today without their help. If you would like to know more about how you can contribute toward restoring Thailand’s beautiful ecosystems and saving endangered species, please consider donating to one of our projects.

Want to find out more? Send us a message!

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Building a sustainable future, one tree at a time.

info@conservenaturalforests.org

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Find us online and follow us on our journey.

Building a sustainable future, one tree at a time.

info@conservenaturalforests.org

Sign up to receive regular updates from cnf

Find us online and follow us on our journey.

Building a sustainable future, one tree at a time.

info@conservenaturalforests.org